The Because the
Ocean Initiative


The Climate Convention

Art.4.1 (d) of the UNFCCC notes the role of the Ocean as a carbon sink. But there is as yet no ocean work stream within the UNFCCC as was proposed in the 1st Because the Ocean declaration, despite growing awareness from within academia, civil society and governments.

The Paris Agreement

In its preamble, the Paris Agreement notes the importance of ensuring the integrity of ocean ecosystems. The Because the Ocean initiative encourages submitting in Nationally Determined Contributions, action to minimize adverse effects on the ocean.


The IPCC has alerted that climate change is affecting the ocean (AR51.5º report), and thereafter prepared – as was proposed in the 1st Because the Ocean declaration of 2015 – a Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere released in September 2019 at the 51st Session of the IPCC in Monaco.

41 Signatories

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